Scientists are trying to find a new way to stop alcoholism. Their research relates to the brain and its elements responsible for the need to drink alcohol.
Scientists research can help find effective treatments for alcohol dependence. They may be able to develop appropriate gene therapy because they have discovered that they can reverse the process of thirst in alcohol-addicted rats. With the help of the laser they can already deactivate a certain group of neurons, reversing the behaviors associated with the need to seek alcohol and reduce the physical withdrawal symptoms. This discovery means that scientists are getting closer to explaining the mechanism of action of neurons that drive alcohol consumption. This type of treatment is not yet available to humans, but scientists believe this is the beginning of the way to develop drug and alcohol addiction therapy. The number of alcohol addicts is over 15 million in the United States now. The transition from daily drinking to addiction is conditioned by some changes caused by the signals sent by the brain. They increase the desire and it make harder for many people to reduce their alcohol consumption. Scientists investigated neurons in brain by optogenetics, a technique involving the use of light to control cells in living tissue. Thanks to the operation of lasers, they were able to control the signals sent by neurons, which regulated the addiction of tested rats to alcohol.
A New Way to stop alcoholism – scientists can control neurons responsible for alcoholism
Researches results are a huge breakthrough in the development of effective anti-alcohol therapy. They reveal neurons in the brain that drive certain destructive behaviors. The discovery paves a new pathway to treating alcohol dependence, by limiting the motivation to drink rather than by treating the effects of alcohol on the body. The mechanism of action of neurons is reversible with adequate stimulation of light. This is an excellent treatment method that does not cause side effects. The pharmacological treatment of alcoholism with the help of implants like Naltrexone or medications unfortunately exhibits effects and adverse reactions. Pharmacological treatment, besides, requires support of psychological and even hypnotherapy. Returning to the constant abstinence is not easy and requires a lot of time. The results of the latest brain and neuron research give enormous hopes of discovering a new, effective, harmless and rapid way out of addiction. However, there is still a lot of work in front of scientists. The positive results of the study are only related to the reactions received as a result of tests on rats. It is problematic to adapt the methods used in these studies to human capabilities.
Research on new ways to tackle addiction is ongoing. Scientists are trying to find a solution that will help in overcoming each addiction. They are working all the time to find the way to help people with their problems with alcohol.